Ancient Stone Tech
and archaeologists the world over insist that megaliths are the
product of many hands using primitive tools over many years.
Intervention theorists disagree. They believe it is absurd to suggest that primitive people using
fiber ropes and stone tools somehow cut some of the hardest
stones on Earth, and built giant structures with a level of
precision we could not match today.
Consider the stonework
at Sacsayhuaman (sac-say-wha-mun).
When stone is cut, whatever tools are used will leave marks of
that use. The stone can be polished smooth to a certain extent, but at a microscopic
level it is still easy to determine what method was
This is because stone is composed of multiple elements
which all cut differently, and due to different levels of
hardness, all of it can't be polished to the same exact level. The
Sacsayhuaman stone is granite, a hard stone which contains
15-30% quartz. Quartz has a Mohs hardness scale rating of 7. A
steel file is only rated 6.5 (Diamond is 10). Not an easy job
for a stonecutter supposedly using stone tools.
an excellent article published in Ancient American Magazine,
author Laura Lee described her discussions with Dr. Ivan Watkins, a
Professor of Geology at St. Cloud University in Minnesota.
Lee reports that "The methods that are supposed to have been
used by the ancients, such as pounding, hammering, grinding,
polishing with abrasives, and wedging, just don't match up with
what Watkins sees under the microscope."
Hard rock hammered in the
manner proposed by Egyptologist Mark Lehner, and others, will
shear along the natural grain of
the stone, and the minerals are unevenly fractured. When granite
is polished, the softer elements in the rock wear down first,
leaving microscopic and near microscopic quartz crystals
protruding. When a "wedging" technique is used (when a wedge is
fed into a crack or groove in the stone and used as leverage to
fracture it), the direction of the fracture can't be
None of these things are
the stones at Sacsayhuaman. Instead, the
stone is smooth, microscopically slick and even. The explanation
given by Watkins is that heat can melt quartz fragments into a
glaze that fills in the irregularities, like a ceramic glaze.
The exact same sort of "melting" effect produced by modern
"thermal disaggregation" technology, essentially the focused heat
found in lasers, which can be used
to cut stone. Each pass of the laser only shaves off a couple of
millimeters, but with multiple passes the stone is cut in a
straight line, leaving a slick, smooth surface eerily similar to
the supposedly Incan stonework.
Therefore, in the language of the
South, only one question remains: Who are you going to believe? Lehner and his
colleagues, or what your lying eyes tell you?