Big Bang Bunk
"knows" the universe started with a
What most don't know is how tenuous are the lines of evidence
that support the theory. It started with Isaac Newton, who
determined the basics of
gravity. This was expanded on by Albert Einstein with his laws
of relativity. Then, based on a great deal of math that is less
complicated than "experts" would have us believe, Edward
Hubble made some calculations and came to the conclusion that
the universe is constantly expanding.
He observed something called
which is a measurement of light coming from a galaxy (more
it is lines
in the spectrum of that galaxy showing a shift toward the red
compared with the same lines from our Sun).
He decided redshift could be used to measure distance,
and those distances showed the galaxies, and, according to
him, the whole universe, were moving farther away, expanding
According to the laws of relativity, for it to
be expanding there had to be a force at one point that was
pushing it outward, making it expand. This is why the
hypothetical "Big Bang" was invented, to fill the place of the
force that the math said needed to be there to cause the
expansion. That's the part everyone remembers from school.
Now here is
what they didn't teach you: The unheralded "Galileo of the 20th
Halton Arp, has proven that the universe is
Arp discovered that high and low redshift
objects are sometimes connected by a bridge or "jet" of
matter. So redshift cannot be a measure of distance. Most of the redshift
is intrinsic to the object. As a quasar or galaxy ages, the
redshift decreases in discrete steps, or quanta, like a sun
becoming less bright as it ages.
Redshift is not a measurement
age! This means galaxies were not all
created at one time in one "Big Bang," they are different ages.
This means the universe is not constantly expanding, and no expanding universe means no evidence for the hypothetical
Physics Slowly Changing?
insightful article by Dr. Arp on his website, explaining the
supreme arrogance of modern physicists in trying to assert that
the "universe It had a point beginning and we were right there!"
The Electric Universe
by Wallace Thornhill & David Talbott as an excellent
resource for Dr. Arp's work, and for the fascinating
conflict between gravity and electricity.